Saturday, February 27, 2016

Zhongshan Square, Dalian, China

Zhongshan Square, in Dalian, Liaoning, China, is originally designed by Russians in the 19th century, it is especially noted for the several classical buildings located on the square built during the first half of the 20th century by the Japanese.

The square was originally built in 1898 by the Russians as Nikolayevskaya Square (in Russian: Николаевская площадь, meaning Nikolai's plaza).  It was later renamed by the Japanese as Ōhiroba (Japanese: 大広場), meaning large plaza as compared to the smaller Nishihiroba (Japanese: 西広場) meaning west square), now called Friendship Square.  After 1945, it was once more renamed as Zhongshan Square, in honor of Sun Zhongshan (Sun Yat-sen), the first president of the Republic of China.

Dalian Hotel (Yamato Hotel orig 1914)

1908 Dalian Police Station

1914 Yamato Hotel

1909 Bank of Yokohama
1918 Dalian City Hall

Hector Guimard influence, Paris subway

Zhongshan Square is 700 ft in diameter. Ten roads radiate from the square, clockwise:
  • Shanghai Road (上海路) - north
  • Minsheng Street (民生街)
  • Qiyi Street (七一街)
  • Renmin Road (人民路) - east
  • Luxun Road (鲁迅路)
  • Jiefang Street (解放街)
  • Yan'an Road (延安路) - south
  • Yuguang Street (玉光街)
  • Zhongshan Road (中山路) - west
  • Minkang Street (民康街)
Renmin and Zhangshan Roads form the main east-west artery of the downtown Dalian area. East of the square is Renmin Road, passing through the hotel area toward Gangwan Square, near the Port of Dalian. West of the square is Zhongshan Road, passing through Frendship Square, Qingniwaqiao, and the City Hall, toward Lushun.

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